International Financial Stability Board Strengthening Climate Risk Disclosure

International Financial Stability Board Strengthening Climate Risk Disclosure 400 300 Davis Cherry

Climate risk disclosure continues to gain steam throughout the international financial community. The Financial Stability Board’s (FSB) Task Force on Climate-Related Financial Disclosures (TCFD) will release a final report by the end of the year that will provide guidance and seek to standardize climate risk reporting for investors. The TCFD is considering the interests of large institutional investors, such as pension funds, as well as insurers and asset managers so that the climate information needs of all parts of the “credit and investment chain” are considered.

This is in response to the scattered corporate reporting of climate risks, from carbon reduction to adaptation measures. There is increasing demand for climate risk information, however, currently, most investors are unable to seriously consider such risks in their portfolios due to a lack of consistent and comparable information. This conundrum was highlighted in a 2015 report by Mercer.

Led by Michael Bloomberg, TCFD will look at “near-, medium- , and long-term” risks from corporate emissions as well as physical impacts of weather and climate extremes. Notably, the task force seeks to correct the status quo of a “limited number of reporting regimes focusing on the financial risks posed by climate-related impacts.”

The task force has opened a public consultation to help it form its recommendations. Consultation ends May 1, 2016.

The FSB coordinates national financial authorities and international standard-setting bodies to work toward developing regulatory, supervisory and other financial sector policies in order to strengthen financial systems and increase the stability of international financial markets.

Adapt Ready is very excited to see initiatives like this unfold. Simultaneously, our climate risk intelligence software will enable companies to identify and disclose risks in line with TCFD and other investor and stakeholder expectations.

Investors Ramping Up Research and Interest in Corporate Climate Risks

Investors Ramping Up Research and Interest in Corporate Climate Risks 830 551 Davis Cherry

While 2015 was a record-breaking year for climate and extreme weather events, 2015 and the beginning of 2016 also showed a clear uptick in concern from the market about the material risks of climate change.

This February, Larry Fink, the CEO of Blackrock, stated that companies should increase consideration of long term risks, particularly climate risks, into their business planning. Blackrock is the world’s largest investor with $4.6 trillion in assets under management.

In January, The World Economic Forum, for the first time, listed “failure to mitigate and adapt to changing climate” as its top global risk in its annual Global Risk Report. As a reviewer of the adaptation section of the 2013 risk report, I’ve watched this risk gradually rise to the top of concerns of many business and governmental leaders.

Adapt Ready expects the stringency and enforcement of climate risk disclosure, reporting and process management requirements to be more fully realized in the next few years (e.g., ISO will release ISO standards related to adaptation in 2017). However, the foundations of how investors, in particular, are increasingly grappling with this issue were on display from a multitude of sources.

Responding to the physical impacts of changing climate is no longer an “if” question but “how,” according to investment consulting company Cambridge Associates. Moody’s and Standard & Poor’s are intensifying climate risk research and already consider climate risks in their credit ratings.

The Economist Intelligence Unit released The cost of inaction: recognising the value at risk last year. The report highlights the direct and indirect climate impacts that the asset management industry must address due to this “probably irreversible problem beset by substantial uncertainty.” They take a meta view of global financial losses, considering different discount rate and temperature scenarios into account. They note:

If investment managers are aware of the extent of climate risk to the long-term value of the portfolios they manage, then it could be argued that to ignore it is a breach of their fiduciary duty.

Although in a macroeconomic sense, The Economist (possibly coining) uses the phrase Climate Value at Risk or ClimateVaR — the size of the loss a portfolio may experience, within a given time horizon, at a particular probability. They estimate a global ClimateVaR to be in present values US$4.2 Trillion from the perspective of a private investor. This is just as applicable from a corporate perspective and a key concept Adapt Ready uses in its technology.

Mercer’s Investing in a Time of Climate Change lays out a risk factor framework “TRIP” (Technology, Resource availability, Impact of physical damages and Policy) that is affected by different climate scenarios (e.g. rapid decarbonization corresponding with limited warming of 2°C versus significant climate change of 4°C or more). It assess the degree to which different asset and equity classes are sensitive to climate scenarios — agriculture and utilities have the most potential risk.

Screen Shot 2016-01-30 at 8.40.50 AMMercer even looks into bond ratings risk for different countries, noting Japan and New Zealand as higher-risk outliers for sovereign bonds in the developed-market. A key recommendation is better investor understanding of portfolio risks by industry sector, including company-level data.

This last point is a harbinger of what will almost certainly be a fast-moving, and perhaps sudden, ESG investment requirement —  providing company-level information on the physical risks from climate change and extreme weather.

Adapt Ready is dedicated to becoming the leader in providing companies with this climate information, not just to provide to investors, but, so that customers can gain competitive advantage, reduce risk and innovate.

Keep up with our Adapt Now Blog to learn how we are providing a full-service technological solution to address this rapidly emerging risk.

Financial markets failing to incorporate climate impact risks

Financial markets failing to incorporate climate impact risks 1024 768 Davis Cherry

The World Economic Forum blog just posted an excellent piece covering the disconnect between the impending known climate risks to businesses and the lack of movement from major banks and credit agencies to incorporate these risks into their investment ratings. Author Megan Rowling, in her piece “Why financial markets ignore climate change at their peril” notes that a very small percentage of companies experience downgrades (60 out of 6,300 since 2005) due to material physical risks such as storms and droughts. However, she notes that,

Standard and Poor’s Ratings Services said the prospect of more frequent and severe climatic events would make the information companies disclose about their exposure to natural disasters more relevant to their credit rating in future.

Adapt Ready believes S&P’s prediction is an inexorable trend and that, even if not out of internal motivation, external financial ratings will drive a stronger and stronger demand for climate impact information.